What is family violence?
It is any action, omission or abuse aimed at dominating, subjecting, controlling or assaulting the physical, psychological, moral, psychoemotional, sexual integrity or freedom of a person within the family group, even if such behavior does not constitute a crime.
What types of family violence are there?
1. Physical violence: Aggression with any part of the body, with an object, with a weapon or with any element aimed at holding, immobilizing or causing damage to the physical integrity of another person, with the intention of achieving their submission or control.
2. Psychological or emotional violence: Prohibitions, coercions, intimidations, intimidations, threats, denigrating attitudes, or abandonments capable of causing the deterioration or diminution of the self-esteem of the victim and an affectation to their personality structure. These acts or omissions must be reiterated.
Examples: threats that force the other to do or not do something for fear of losing some necessary good (love, food, exit permits); Prohibition of choosing friends; Exclusion from family activities; isolation; Breaking of objects; Control of drawers, wallets, calendars without respect for privacy; Review of correspondence or telephone calls.
3. Sexual violence: Making fun of the sexuality of others or humiliating them; Compel the other to engage in sexual practices he does not want; Control, manipulation or domination over another person. This type of violence includes from impositions to nudism, exhibitionism, manipulation, penetration and any kind of intimate act not consented or desired. It also includes teasing, public and private jokes about acts, facts or circumstances related to the sexual life of the couple.
4. Economic violence: It manifests itself when one of the members of the family uses its economic power to cause damage to another. The victims have no possibility of handling the money or have a very restricted capacity to access the resources essential for subsistence. Often the victims are prevented from administering or using their own property or property.
Examples: when you have to ask or beg for money, instead of sharing it; When it forces itself to surrender all the money that one gains; When family income is not reported or is not available for their needs or those of their children.
Who are you trying to protect?
All persons who suffer physical or psychological injury or ill-treatment by some of the members of the family group, understood as such arising from marriage, de facto unions or affective relationships, whether or not living together, persists or The link has ceased. It includes ascending, descending and collateral relations.
It can be between spouses, towards the children (common or not common), towards the parents or towards the brothers, the uncles and the nephews of some of the members of the marriage. It can also manifest itself among people who form de facto unions (concubinage) or their relatives; And even between those who maintain other types of affective relationships, for example, between the bride and groom, between the father of the bride and the groom, or between homosexuals.
Who can report?
Anyone can report a fact of family violence.
When victims are minors, incapacitated, elderly or disabled who are unable to act on their own, they are required to do so by their legal representatives, those liable for maintenance or the Public Prosecutor’s Office. Also those who work in care, education, health and justice agencies and, in general, those from the public or private sphere become aware of situations of family violence or have serious suspicion that they may exist.
Gravity indicator survey
According to the records of the forms analyzed, 13.02% of the persons reported have firearms; 34.44% use drugs; And 52.80% consume alcohol. The processing of the data provided by the form also allowed to establish that in the majority of cases (56.63%), before the judicial presentation, there had been incidents of family violence that were not reported. It was also recorded that half of the pregnant women who reported having been victims of violence were mistreated during gestation.